Chemical Bonding


Abel, K. B.; Hemmerlin, W.M. (1991) Explaining Resonance-A Colorful Approach. J. Chem. Educ., 68, 834.**

Bacskay, G.B.; Reimers, J. R. Nordholm, S. (1997) The Mechanism of Covalent Bonding. J. Chem. Educ., 74 (12), 1494-1502.

Bindel, T.H.; Smiley, T.C. (1994) The Ropes: A Molecular Polarity Activity. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (11), 945-946.**

Birk, J. P.; Abbassian, S. (1996) Teaching VSEPR: The Plastic Egg Model. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (7), 636-637.**

Birk, J.P.; Kurtz, M.J.(1999). Effect of Experience on Retention and Elimination of Misconceptions about Molecular Structure and Bonding. J. Chem. Educ ., 76 (1), 124-128. **

Carroll, J. A. (1986) Drawing Lewis Structures without Anticipating Octets. J. Chem. Educ., 63 (1), 28-31.**

Clark, T.J. (1984) Another Procedure for Writing Lewis Structures. J. Chem. Educ., 61, 100.**

DeKock, R.L (1987) The Chemical Bond. J. Chem. Educ., 64 (11), 934-941.

Delvigne, F. (1989) A Visual Aid for Teaching the Resonance Concept. J. Chem. Educ., 66 (6), 461-462. **

Furio, C.; Calatayud, M.L. (1996) Difficulties with the Geometry and Polarity of Molecules. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (1), 36-41. **

Furio, C.; Calatayud, M.L.; Barcenas, S.L.; Padilla, O.M. (2000) Functional Fixedness and Functional Reduction as Common Sense Reasonings in Chemical Equilibrium and in Geometry and Polarity of Molecules. Sci. Ed., 84, 545-565.

Galbraith, J. M. (2007) On the Role of d Orbital Hybridization in the Chemistry Curriculum. J. Chem. Educ., 84 (5), 783-787.

Gillespie, R. J.; Spencer, J. N.; Moog, R.S. (1996) Demystifying Introductory Chemistry. Part 2. Bonding and Molecular Geometry Without Orbitals - The Electron Domain Model. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (7), 622-627. **

Gillespie, R.J. (1998) Covalent and Ionic Molecules: Why are BeF2 and AlF3 High Melting Point Solids whereas BF3 and SiF4 ARE Gases? J. Chem. Educ., 75 (7), 923-925. **

Gillespie, R.J. (2001) Electron Densities, Atomic Charges, and Ionic Covalent and Polar Bonds. J. Chem Educ., 78 (12), 1688-1691. **

Gillespie, R.J. (2004) Teaching Molecular Geometry with the VSEPR Model. J. Chem Educ., 81 (3), 298-304.**

Haim, A.. (1991) The Relative Energies of Molecular Orbitals for Second-Row Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules. J. Chem Educ., 68 (9), 737-738. **

Haaland, A.; Helgaker, T.; Ruud, K.; Shorokhov, D.J. (2000) Should Gaseous BF3 and SiF4 Be Described as Ionic Compounds? J. Chem. Educ., 77 (8), 1076-1080. **

Hurst, M. O. (2002) How We Teach Molecular Structure to Freshmen. J. Chem. Educ., 79 (6), 763-764. **

Ingold, K. U. (2000) Understanding Trends in C-H, N-H, and O-H Dissociation Enthalpies. J. Chem. Educ., 77 (8), 1062-1064.

Jensen, W.B. (1984) Abegg, Lewis, Langrnuir, and the Octet Rule. J. Chem. Educ., 61 (3), 191-200.

Jensen, W.B. (1996) Electronegativity from Avogadro to Pauling- Part 1; Origins of the Electronegativity Concept. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (1), 11-20.

Jensen, W.B. (2003) Electronegativity from Avogadro to Pauling- Part 2; Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Developments. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (3), 279-287.

Kaupp, M. et. al. (1996) The structure of XeF6 and of compounds isolectronic with it. A challenge to computational chemistry and to the qualitative theory of the chemical bond. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 11939-11950.

Kerber, R.C. (2006) If It’s Resonance, What Is Resonating? J. Chem. Educ., 83 (2), 223-227. **

Lin, S. ( 2007) Aromatic Bagels: An Edible Resonance Analogy. J. Chem. Educ., 84 (5), 779-780. **

Logan, S.R. (2001) The Role of Lewis Structures in Teaching Covalent Bonding. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (11), 1457-1458.**

Lyon, J.M. (1999) A Way To Predict the Relative Stabilities of Structural Isomers. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (3), 364-366. **

Matta, C.F.; Gillespie, R.J. (2002) Understanding and Interpreting Molecular Electron Density Distributions. J. Chem. Educ., 79 (9), 1141-1152.

Mendiara, S.N.; Perissinotti, L. J. (2002) Tetrahedral Geometry and the Dipole Moment of Molecules. J. Chem. Educ., 79 (1), 64-66.

Meek, T.L.; Garner, L.D. (2005) Electronegativity and the Bond Triangle. J. Chem Educ., 82 (2), 325-333.

Packer, J. E.; Woodgate, S.D. (1991) Lewis Structures, Formal Charge, and Oxidation Numbers - A more user-friendly approach. J. Chem Educ., 68 (6), 456-458. ctures. J. Chem Educ., 66 (6), 456-458. **

Parkin, G. (2006) Valence, Oxidation Number, and Formal Charge: Three Related but Fundamentally Different Concepts. J. Chem Educ., 83 (5), 791-799. **

Pauling, L. (1984) G. N. Lewis and the Chemical Bond. J. Chem. Educ., 61 (3), 201-203.**

Pfennig, B.W.; Frock, R.L. (1999) The Use of Molecular Modeling and VSEPR Theory in the Undergraduate Curriculum to Predict the Three-Dimensional Structure of Molecules. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (7), 1018-1022.

Peterson, R.F.; Treagust, D.F. (1989) Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions of Covalent Bonding and Structure. J. Chem. Educ., 66 (6), 459-460. **

Purser, G.H. (1989) The Significance of the Bond Angle in Sulfur Dioxide. J. Chem. Educ., 66 (9), 710-713. **

Purser, G.H. (1999) Lewis Structures Are Models for Predicting Molecular Structure, Not Electronic Structure. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (7), 1013-1018.

Samoshin, V. V. (1998) Orbital Models Made of Plastic Soda Bottles. J. Chem. Educ., 75 (8), 985. **

Sanderson, R.T. (1982) A Needed Replacement for the Customary Description of Chemical Bonding. J. Chem. Educ., 59, 376. **

Shahbazian, S.; Zahedi, M. (2006) The Role of Observables and Non-observables in Chemistry: a Critique of Chemical Language. Foundations of Chemistry, 8, 37-52.

Shahbazian, S.; Zahedi, M. (2007) The Concept of Chemical Bond- Some Like It Fuzzy But Others Concrete. Foundations of Chemistry, 9, 85-95.

Silverstein, T.P. (1999) The "Big Dog-Puppy Dog" Analogy for Resonance. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (2), 206-208. **

Smith, D.W. (1998) A Simple Molecular Orbital Treatment of the Barrier to Internal Rotation in the Ethane Molecule. J. Chem. Educ., 75 (7), 907-909.

Spencer, J. N.; Moog, R.S.;Gillespie, R. J. (1996) Demystifying Introductory Chemistry. Part 3. Ionization Energies, Electronegativity, Polar Bonds and Partial Charges. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (7), 627-631.

Sproul, G. (2001) Electronegativity and Bond Type: Predicting Bond Type. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (3), 387-390.

Starkey, R. (1995) Resonance Analogy Using Cartoon Characters. J. Chem. Educ., 72, 542. **

Stranges, A.N. (1984) Reflections on the Electron Theory of the Chemical Bond: 1900-1925. J. Chem. Educ., 61 (3), 185-190.

Sutcliff, B.T. (1996) The Development of the Idea of a Chemical Bond. Int. J. Quant. Chem., 58, 645-655.

Tan, K.C.D.;Treagust, D. F. (1999). Evaluating Students' Understanding of Chemical Bonding. School Sci Rev. , 81(294), 75-83.

Tiernan, N. F. (1985) Gilbert Newton Lewis and the Amazing Electron Dots. J. Chem. Educ., 62 (7), 569-570. **

Truhlar, D.G. (2007) The Concept of Resonance. J. Chem. Educ., 84 (5), 781-782. **

Tykodi, R.J. (1989) Identifying Polar and Nonpolar Molecules. J. Chem. Educ., 66 (12), 1007-1011. **

Zandler, M. E. ; Talaty, E.R. (1984) The "6N+2 Rule" for Writing Lewis Octet Structures. J. Chem. Educ., 61 (2), 124-127.