Atomic Structure


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Cronyn, M.W. (2003) The Proper Place for Hydrogen in the Periodic Table. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (8), 947-951. **

Finholt, J. (1984) The Amazing Periodic Table. J. Chem. Educ., 61, 190. **

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Fortman, J. J. (1993) Pictorial Analogies VII: Quantum Numbers and Orbitals. J. Chem. Educ., 70 (8), 649-650. **

Garofalo, A. (1997) Housing Electrons: Relating Quantum Numbers, Energy Levels, and Electron Configurations. J. Chem. Educ., 74 (6), 709-710. **

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Goh, N.K., Chia, L. S., Tan, D. (1994) Some Analogies for Teaching Atomic Structure at the High School Level. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (9), 733-734. **

Gorin, G. (1996) Mendeleev and Moseley: The Principal Discovers of the Periodic Law. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (6), 490-493. **

Haendler, B.L. (1982) Presenting the Bohr Atom. J. Chem. Educ., 59 (5), 373-376. **

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Hurst, M. O. (2002) How We Teach Molecular Structure to Freshmen. J. Chem. Educ., 79 (6), 763-764. **

Jensen, W.B. (1996) Electronegativity from Avogadro to Pauling- Part 1; Origins of the Electronegativity Concept. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (1), 11-20.

Jensen, W.B. (2003) Electronegativity from Avogadro to Pauling- Part 2; Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Developments. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (3), 279-287.

Jensen, W.B. (2007) The Origin of the s, p, d, f Orbital Labels. J. Chem. Educ., 84 (5), 757-756. **

Johnson, K. A..; Schreiner, R.; Loring, J. (2001) A Dramatic Flame Test Demonstration. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (5), 640-641.

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Laing, M. (1989) The Periodic Table-A New Arrangement. J. Chem. Educ., 66, 746. **

Laing, M. (2001) Melting Point, Density, and Reactivity of Metals. J. Chem. Educ., 78, 1054-1058. **

Laing, M. (2008) The Different Periodic Tables of Dmitrii Mendeleev. J. Chem. Educ., 85, 63-67. **

Lang, P.F.; Smith, B.C. (2003) Ionization Energies of Atoms and Atomic Ions. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (8), 938-946.

Leary, J. L.; Kippeny, T.C. (1999) A Framework for Presenting the Modern Atom. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (9), 1217-1218. **

Ludwig, O.G. (1993) On a Relation between the Heisenberg and deBroglie Principles. J. Chem. Educ., 70 (1), 28. **

Ludwig, O.G. (2001) A Rationalization for the Freshman Rules for the H-Atom Quantum Numbers. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (5), 634.

Ma, N.L. (1996) Quantum Analogies on Campus. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (11), 1016-1017. **

Mabrouk, S. T. (2003) The Periodic Table as a Mnemonic Device for Writing Electronic Configurations. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (8), 894-898. **

Matsumoto, P. S. (2005) Trends in Ionization Energy of Transition-Metal Elements. J. Chem. Educ., 82 (11), 1660-1661.

McKagan, S.B.; Perkins, K. K.; Wieman, C.E. (2007) Why we should teach the Bohr and how to teach it effectively. Physical Review Special Topics: Physics Education Research, (accessed Aug 2007) **

Melrose, M. P.; Scerri, E.R. (1996) Why the 4s Orbital is Occupied before the 3d. J. Chem. Educ., 73 (6), 498-503.

Mortier, T.; Wellens, A..;Janssens, M-J.; (2008) Inexpensive Alcohol Burners for Flame Tests Using Aluminum Tea Light Candle Holders. J. Chem. Educ., 85 (4), 522.

Niaz, M.; Aguilera, D.; Maza, A.; Liendo, G. (2002) Arguments, Contradictions, Resistances, and Conceptual Change in Students' Understanding of Atomic Structure. Sci Ed. 86, 505-525.

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Petri, J.; Niedderer, H. (1998) A learning pathway in high-shool level quantum atomic physics. Int. J. Sci. Educ., 20 (9), 1075-1088.

Pinto, G. (1998) Using Balls from Different Sports To Model the Variation of Atomic Sizes. J. Chem. Educ., 75 (6), 725-726. **

Rayner-Canham, G. (1994) A Student's Travels, Close Dancing, Bathtubs, and the Shopping Mall: More Analogies in Teaching Introductory Chemistry. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (11), 943-944.**

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Rayner-Canham, G. (2007) The chemical ‘Knight’s Move’ relationship: what is its significance? Foundations of Chemistry , 9, 119 -125.

Reed, J.L. (1994) The Genius of Slator's Rules. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (6), 802-804. **

Reed, J.L. (1994) The Lewis Structure: An Expanded Perspective. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (2), 98-100. **

Restrepo, G.; Pachon, L. (2007) Mathematical Aspects of the Periodic Law. Foundations of Chemistry , 9, 189-214.

Rich, R.L; Suter, R.W. (1988) Periodicity and Some Graphical Insights on the Tendency toward Empty, Half-full, and Full Subshells. J. Chem. Educ., 65 (8), 702-704.

Rioux, F. (1999) Electron-Momentum Spectroscopy and the Measurement of Orbitals: Interesting Results for Chemists from the American Journal of Physics. J. Chem. Educ., 76 (2), 156-158.

Robertson, N. E.; Boggioni, S.O.; Henriquez, F.E. (1994) A Simple Mathematical Approach to Experiemntal Ionization Energies of Atoms. A new method for estimating the extent of shielding. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (2), 101-102.

Sacks, L. J. (2006) Concerning the Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table. Foundations of Chemistry, 8, 31-35.

Sanchez Gomez, P. J.; Martin, F. (2003) Quantum vs Classical Chemistry in University Chemistry Education: A case study of the role of history in thinking the curriculum. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 4 (2), 131-148.

Sanderson, R.T. (1988) Principles of Electronegativity Part I. General Nature. J. Chem. Educ., 65 (11), 112-118

Scerri, E. R. (2000) Have Orbitals Really Been Observed? J. Chem. Educ., 77 (11), 1492-1494. + Spence, J. C. H; O'Keefe, M.; Zuo, J.M. Have Orbitals Really Been Observed? J. Chem. Educ., 78 (7), 877. + Scerri, E. R. (2002) Have Orbitals Really Been Observed? J. Chem. Educ., 79 (3), 310. **

Scerri, E. R. (2008) The Past and Future of the Periodic Table. American Scientist, 96 (4), 52-58. **

Scerri, E. R. (2008) The Role of Triads in the Evolution of the Periodic Table: Past and Present. J. Chem. Educ., 85 (4), 585-589. **

Shahbazian, S.; Zahedi, M. (2006) The Role of Observables and Non-observables in Chemistry: a Critique of Chemical Language. Foundations of Chemistry, 8, 37-52.

Schmid, R. (2003) The Noble Gas Configuration—Not the Driving Force but the Rule of the Game in Chemistry. J. Chem. Educ., 80 (8) , 931-937.

Schmidt, H-J.; Baumgartner, T.; Eybe, H. (2003). Changing Ideas about the Periodic Table of Elements and Students' Alternative Concepts of Isotopes and Allotropes. J. Res. Sci. Teach., 40 (3), 257-277.

Schwarz, W.H.E.(2007) Recommended Questions on the Road Towards a Scientific Explanation o f the Periodic System of Chemical Elements with the Help of the Concepts of Quantum Physics. Foundations of Chemistry, 9, 139-188.

Schulz, E. (2005) Fully Exploiting the Potential of the Periodic Table through Pattern Recognition. J. Chem. Educ., 82 (11) , 1649-1657. **

Sievers, D.R. (1982) Niels Bohr. J. Chem. Educ., 59 (4) , 303-304.**

Singh, R.; Dikshit, S.K. (1991) Aufbau Rewritten. J. Chem. Educ., 68, 396.**

Sproul, G. (2001) Electronegativity and Bond Type: Predicting Bond Type. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (3), 387-390. **

Strong, J.A. (1986) The Periodic Table and Electron Configurations. J. Chem. Educ., 63 (10), 834-836.

Taber, K. S. (2005) Learning Quanta: Barriers to Stimulating Transitions in Student Understanding of Orbital Ideas. Sci. Ed. 89, 94-116.

Taber, K. S. (2003) Understanding Ionisation Energy: Physical, Chemical and Alternative Conceptions. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 4 (2), 149-169.

Taber, K. S. (2003) The atom in the chemistry curriculum: Fundamental concept, teaching model or epistemological obstacle? Foundations of Chemistry, 5, 43-84.

Taber, K. S. (2002) Compounding Quanta: Probing the frontiers of student understanding of molecular orbitals. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 3 (2), 159-173.

Taber, K. S. (2002) Conceptualizing Quanta: Illuminating the ground state of student understanding of atomic orbitals. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 3 (2), 145-158.

Tan, K.C.D.; Taber, K. S.; Goh, N.K.; Chia, L. S. (2005) The ionisation energy diagnostic instrument: a two-tier multiple choice instrument to determine high school students' understanding of ionization energy. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 6 (4), 180-197.

Treptow, R.S. (1994) The Periodic Table of Atoms Arranging the Elements by a Different Set of Rules. J. Chem. Educ., 71 (12), 1007-1012.

Treptow, R.S. (2005) E = mc2 for the Chemist: When Is Mass Conserved? J. Chem. Educ., 82 (11), 1636-1641. **

Tsaparlis, G.; Papaphotis, G. (2002) Quantum-chemical concepts: are they suitable for secondary students. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2 (4), 129-144.

Tsaparlis, G (2001) Towards a meaningful introduction to the Schrodinger equation through historical and heuristic approaches. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2 (3), 203-213.

Waldron, K.A; Fehringer, E.M.; Streeb, A.E., Trosky, J.E., Pearson, J.J. (2001) Screening Percentages Based on Slater Effective Nuclear Charge as a Versatile Tool for Teaching Periodic Trends. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (5), 635-639. **

Yin, M. ; Ochs, R.S. (2001) The Mole, the Periodic Table, and Quantum Numbers: An Introductory Trio. J. Chem. Educ., 78 (10), 1345-1347. **